India's 2013 TR35: Top Innovators Under 35
Since 1999, the editors of Technology Review have honored the young innovators whose inventions and research we find most exciting; today that collection is the TR35, a list of technologists and scientists, all under the age of 35. In 2010, we announced the India TR35 list that recognizes the outstanding innovators under the age of 35 for their continuing work in India that has the highest impact locally and globally. Here we highlight the 2012 list of top young innovators in India whose work--spanning medicine, computing, communications, electronics, nanotechnology, and more--is changing our world.
Nilesh Brijwani discovered a novel mutation in Serine Threonine Kinase 11gene (STK11) in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). STK11 is tumor suppressor gene and has been associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and many neoplastic diseases including HNSCC. This novel mutation might be used as a biomarker for patient response against existing and developmental anticancer drugs.
Mainak Chakraborty built one of the most compact of its kind waste-to-energy system.
Ayesha Chaudhary developed implantable ‘smart-tattoo’ glucose biosensors
Sumit Dagar built a Braille phone. His innovation lies in the tangible screen he has conceptualized, and more importantly, in the applications he is porting onto this screen.
Chinmay Deodhar built a dual function laparoscopic surgical instrument that functions as a scissor as well as a grasper.
Parul Gupta has been working on a novel cellular architecture called the wireless network cloud which helps telecom operators move their processing from the cell-towers into a centralized, cost and energy efficient compute cloud.
Kishore Krishna Kumar developed a hand-held micro-PCR device and an associated micro-fluidic chip
Saleem Mohammed developed a DNA-based wellness program with the intention of identifying and preventing life style predispositions from developing into serious disorders.
Darshan Nayak developed an affordable lower limb immobilization device/splint for use in ambulances and peripheral clinics. The patent-pending device, called ‘relligo’ has enormous potential in India, other emerging markets and even in the developed world such as the United States.
Phanindra Sama exemplifies the spirit of innovation in India. Toiling for a few years to get bus tickets, Phanindra Same created a revolution in the bus booking and ticketing system in the country through redbus.in. It is the first of its kind in the bus industry. Prior to redBus, one could only book through a local bus ticket booking agent, and travelers cold not have full visibility of all tickets available in the market, due to which they could not book tickets on desired dates and routes, and operators would have to ply buses with some unoccupied seats.
Harpreet Sareen developed Web@ssist, a universal solution for the disabled to access the web anywhere.
Abhishek is creating a non-invasive portable anemia screening tool for rural populations in developing countries to prevent maternal and child deaths as a consequence of malnutrition.
Tavpritesh Sethi developed an exquisitely sensitive test for small airway disease, using pattern recognition methods in the output data of impulse oscillometry. This is a very important advance, which should permit detection of airway disease in at-risk subjects such as cigarette smokers or biomass fuel exposed people, before the disease becomes advanced and usually irreversible.
Aakash has built bomb disposal and river cleaning robots
Nitin Sisodia developed a non-invasive, safe medical device and a system solution to do mass screening of newborns for hearing loss in resource-constrained settings to prevent lifelong speech loss. In most advanced healthcare systems, universal screening is mandatory at the time of birth. But in resource constrained settings, such as India, hearing impairment goes undiagnosed till the child is about 4 years.
Ambar developed patent pending technology in hemoglobinometry which not only resolves an age old problem of specificity, but also provides a handy and convenient tool for measuring hemoglobin level in blood at the point of care.
Abhishek Syal has developed map and diagram reader for the visually challenged users without sighted assistance.
STM Veerabahu has built a robotic limb which will assist individual’s suffering from Polio attack, amputated legs, or individuals suffering from weakened muscles in legs, spinal cord injured to “Walk”.
Valerie Rozycki Wagoner created Zipdial, a cloud-based platform that enables engagement with 100 percent of users through the simplicity of dialing numbers or “missed calls” mobile phones
Amit Yadav developed open source computational algorithms and associated software suites, masswiz, flexifdr and proteome analyst for clinical proteomics researchers which enable low-cost, high accuracy proteomics data mining and analysis.